Driver’s Rating: Explained | American Truck Simulator (2016)

Many American Truck Simulator (2016) players, or I should say Drivers, don’t understand Driver’s Rating or get confused with it. There are forums, discussions on Steam where players posts incomplete, inaccurate information, those misleads new players or even mature Drivers. Many thinks it is determined by Level or good, efficient driving, which would have been further better, realistic scenario to be fair—but, it’s not. So, let’s keep it simple & start from basic to understand what actually Driver’s Rating is; how it affects from Driver’s perspective; and, how it is determined in SCS Software‘s ATS. Read carefully.

When a driver completes a Job, he gets paid & earns XP (experience points) respectively. Money goes to his Company‘s bank account and XPs helps him to Level up. Every time he Levels up, he gets one Skill point. Skills are categorized into six different categories & each category have maximum six Skill points (from Rank 1 to 6 respectively) to apply for, for getting the benefit of corresponding bonuses in form of extra money & XPs when completing the next available orders (those lies in that category) in Job Markets. So, a Driver can have maximum 6*6=36 Skill points. That also means he needs to be at Level 36 to get all 36 Skill points. Sweet!

Job Completion Report, American Truck Simulator (2016), Blackatman

Now, any Driver’s Rating is totally based upon combination of Skill sets which he upgrades every time he Levels up, in those six different Skill categories. Rating has nothing to do with any other aspect/talent of a Driver, like his Level; good, efficient driving; no. of garages, trucks, successful deliveries; maps exploration %, etc. Nothing.

Skills, American Truck Simulator (2016), Blackatman

Driver’s Rating is scaled & looks like this: 0.0, 0.8, 1.7, 2.5, 3.3, 4.2, 5.0, 5.8, 6.7, 7.5, 8.3, 9.2, 10.0. Maximum is 10.0. Rating can be calculated easily—

  • Check for the highest Skill point in any particular Skill category. For each Skill point, move up one step in above rating scale.
  • Check for the lowest Skill point in any particular Skill category. Now, for each Skill point, move further up one step (adding to previous hold) in same rating scale.

You can check either of these steps first, result will be same, of course. Now, wherever you reach on scaling after checking out both steps is your Driver’s Rating.
[Note: 0.0 rating = No Skill point. 5.0 rating = Total 6 Skill points in 6 categories combined.]

For example: If you take a look in these screenshots, I’m already having my highest six Skill points in Hazardous Cargo category, & applying lowest one Skill point in Fuel Economy category. So after applying & moving 6+1=7 steps up, I’m having 5.8 Rating. If I had applied that one Skill point to any other category, then my lowest Skill point would have remained be zero & Rating 5.0. It’s that simple. (Well, I might not be having same Rating while you’re reading this.)

Blackatman's Profile view, American Truck Simulator (2016)

When reached Level 36, a Driver gets all Skill points, and rated 10.0. Afterwards, he doesn’t upgrade or downgrade in Rating regardless of his driving aspect. Also, there is nothing left to be unlocked, any truck part, customization option; but new paint jobs could appear. By the way, default maximum Level is 150, that can be changed by modifying the configuration file.

I hope this will help. Still confused?! Ask.
(Check the date of posting/editing before making any reply. Things get updated. You might be reading this as history.)


Administrator: Command Prompt

How to delete any disk partition through command-line interface

In any kind of hard drive, there are the partitions to operate as per their requirement in computing by user and by machine itself. These partitions are usually known as hard disk drives. Actually, you can create partitions or hard disk drives as you like. But, there are some standard partitioning-patterns defined by giant firms based upon available firmwares. There are four types of firmwares present these days:

  • Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)
  • Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) (Class 1)
  • Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) (Class 2), and
  • Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) (Class 3)

Each firmware of the computer have its unique disk-partitioning-pattern type that must be matched. These partitioning-pattern are standard and reliable for computer and so for user.

Well! That is the bonus knowledge you got. As the title suggests, you can delete any disk partition or hard disk drive in Command-line interface (CLI) basically which you call it Command Prompt or cmd.exe in Windows. You can do it easily with some patience and care. Since there are some partitions that can’t be delete or create by disk manager (i.e. Disk Management), you can delete them also through Command Prompt easily. There are many third-party softwares called as ‘partition assistants‘ from the developers like AOMEI, EaseUS, MiniTool, and many more available on the web-market. After installation, these softwares can make your work easy—you can do many operations on your hard drive through these, major of them are like creating, merging, moving, deleting. I’m not going to that much details of them.

So, here I am going to show you how to do it, on one of my computers. Just because of rare corruption I deleted a OEM recovery partition of 26.33 GB of that computer, that was located in Disk 0 as a primary Partition 6. This recovery partition can’t be deleted in Disk Management.

Screenshot (1)

You can follow these steps:

Follow these steps precisely as you could affect any other required disk partition mistakenly.

[STEP 1] Open Command Prompt as an administrator.

Type “Command Prompt” or “cmd” in Windows Start Search and then right-click on Command Prompt to run as administrator.

Or, if you are using Windows 10 then just right-click on Start button or press Windows key+X to open “Command Prompt (Admin)“.

Administrator: Command Prompt

You will get Command-line interface screen titled as “Administrator: Command Prompt“.

NOTE: As Command-line interface don’t understand the case sensitivity, you can type in any case. After every command you typed, you have to press Enter key for its execution.

[STEP 2] There you have to type “diskpart” and press Enter. By doing this you got the access to DiskPart of your computer.

1 DiskPart

You will get something like this with your computer’s name.

[STEP 3] Then type “list disk” and press Enter. By doing this you will get the list of hard disks associated with your computer. See image.

2 list disk

[STEP 4] Select the preferred hard disk that contains hard disk drive that you want to delete. For this, type “select disk #” and press Enter—here # is denoting the serial number of disk you want to select. After pressing Enter, the line “Disk # is now the selected disk.” will appear along with a * sign in last column of that selected disk for confirmation. By default that * sign appears with first disk as you can see in Step [3]‘s image. See image.

3 select disk

[STEP 5] After selecting the disk properly. Type “list partition” and press Enter. This action let you see all the hard disk partitions holding by that selected hard disk. See image.

4 list partition

[STEP 6] Similarly as disk selection, now you have to select hard disk partition which you want to delete. Carefully identify the partition before typing command—double-check the Size and Offset columns with My Computer/This PC explorer. Then type “select partition #” and press Enter—here # sign denoting the serial number of partition you want to select. A confirmation line will appear. See image.

5 select partition

[STEP 7] After selecting preferred partition. Now, its time to delete that partition. For this, type “delete partition override” and press Enter. A confirmation line “DiskPart successfully deleted the selected partition.” will appear. See image.

6 ddelete partition override

For your confirmation, you can immediately check My Computer/This PC explorer, Disk Management and even you can type “list partition” again just after confirmation line. There you will see that selected partition had gone. See images.

7 list partition again

[STEP 8] Now, to exit from DiskPart, type “exit” there and press Enter. After that you also have to exit from Command Prompt, type “exit” there again to close that.

8 exit command prompt

That’s it. You are done!

Now, you can use this unallocated size as you want. You can assign a new primary partition or merge it into boundary partition/drive through Disk Management.

Screenshot (3) extenting size

Even you can do it after [STEP 7] in same Command Prompt window by using “assign” and “merge” command lines.

If you are facing any problem related to hard drive partitioning, feel free to use comment box below.

Windows Photo Viewer header img

Windows Photo Viewer is not working in Windows 10?

Recently, I faced some technical issues in Settings app with my upgraded Windows 10 Home SL. The Lock screen in Settings was not working properly. I tried everything what I could technically within Windows offline or online, even contacted Windows Support through Twitter with error-showing screenshots. But then as suggested, desperately I had to reset my Windows 10.

After reset, I installed required drivers, softwares and configured all settings as per my preferences. And then by the time, I realized that Windows Photo Viewer i.e. built-in photo viewer program was not in ‘Open with‘ option to open all so-called image formats like .jpeg, .jpg, .gif, .png, .jpe, etc. This was not the first time I faced this.

After searching, I came to realize that in Windows 10, Microsoft made it harder to use the good old Windows Photo Viewer and forced users to use newly included built-in app called Photos instead. There is no way to set Windows Photo Viewer as the default program to open image files since it is missing from the list in Settings>System>Defaults apps. The classic Control Panel, by going through Control Panel>Default Programs>Set Default Programs>Set Program Associations also allows only two “.Tiff” file formats to be associated with Windows Photo Viewer. As my Windows 10 was upgraded from Windows 8.1 so in which that was available to use frequently, but when reset it became a new Windows 10 program.

As I always prefer to set Windows Photo Viewer as a default photo viewer over new Photos app—after doing some stuff I found the way to fix this restriction manually without any additional third-party software and get Windows Photo Viewer working again in Windows 10 Home SL.

If you are looking to upgrade your Windows, check this out:

“How to upgrade to Windows 10 from your existing Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1? A general guide.”

So, here I am explaining what I did to fix this in few minutes without any hassle.

I inspected the Windows Registry program and found out that Windows Photo Viewer can be activated by Registry editing. You must add a set of values to the Registry.

You can follow these steps:

[1] Open Registry Editor.

Type “regedit” in Windows Start Search or in Run command by pressing Windows key+R, and then press Enter key.

[2] Go to the following Registry key:

Find the Registry keys of Windows Photo Viewer by following this path.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE > SOFTWARE > Microsoft > Windows Photo Viewer > Capabilities > FileAssociations

NOTE: Be careful while surfing around in Registry Editor, as all these registries records all associative informations about your machine’s software as well as hardware components. Make sure you do not modify any other registered key by mistake. You can access any desired Registry key with one click.

There you will see only few “.Tiff” file formats (may be two or three) are associated with Windows Photo Viewer as that can also be seen in Set Program Association.

[3] There you need to create a bunch of String values and assign their data values, as mentioned below:

".bmp" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".dib" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".gif" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".jfif" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".jpe" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".jpeg" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".jpg" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".jxr" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"
 ".png" --- "PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff"

After naming each String value, you can right-click and select Modify to assign its Data value.

Don’t be confused with the “PhotoViewer.FileAssoc.Tiff” in Data column, the actual Windows Photo Viewer command is the same for all file types. You will get something like this:


Windows 10 Photo Viewer Registry Editor

[4] After completing all Windows Photo Viewer Registry key entries, leave all folders path collapsed and exit.

[5] Now, open the Set Default Programs window again by following these instructions:

Open the Settings app. Go to System>Default apps and click the Set defaults by app in the bottom of the right pane. That will redirect you to Set Default Programs.


Windows 10 ‘Settings’ > ‘Set defaults by app’

Or, directly go to Control Panel > Default Porgrams > Set Default Porgrams.


WIndows 10 ‘Default Programs’ > ‘Set Default Programs’

There, select Windows Photo Viewer and then click Choose defaults for this program i.e. Set Program Association as I mentioned above.

In that you can set all desired extensions to be handled by Windows Photo Viewer and Save.


Windows 10 Set Program Associations

Now, You can set Windows Photo Viewer as default programs by selecting Set this program as default in Set Default Programs.

That’s it. You are done.

Now for confirmation, you will see that you can open your all image format by right-click and select ‘Open with‘ option.


Windows 10 “Open with” option

Note, for VirtualBox and other users who run Windows 10 in a virtual machine without hardware acceleration:

Windows Photo Viewer now depends on Direct3D acceleration and will not work in your virtual machine unless it has it enabled.

download_large img

List of media web-portals for free downloads

As entertainment means a lot to all of us. Whether it is in the form of music or feature films. This audio-video combination plays an important role in our infotainment process. Generally, the best way to get all those is to remain online and second best way is to download all those stuffs through torrent download client, download manager client softwares or directly from web-portals providing copyright-free content for offline usage. Well, we should not save copyrighted content in our computers/devices without paying after legal purchase of it, it’s illegal. That’s why torrent websites are banned in many regions around the globe.

This is the list of links of free downloadable media portals. These portals provides you free songs, movies, tunes, other media files and lot more stuff in different formats, generally like .mp3, .avi, .3pg, .mp4, .mpg, .mpe, .mpeg, .wmv, .mkv, Blu-Ray etc. Some of these are also let you download in your own way. Some of these are so popular. As these are picked-up from infinite, so may be you find others useful. I ( have) used/use almost all of these own and found so cool.

You can just directly type your preferred language link to your URL address bar or search these through any search engine for more related information.

So, enjoy and have a good time!


English/international songs:


Hindi songs:

Rare old Hindi songs:

Old Hindi songs:

Asamese song:

Marathi songs:

Telugu songs:

Malyalam songs:

Tamil songs:

Gujarati songs:

Haryanvi songs:



English movies:

YIFY YTS torrent

Hindi movies:……………

Tamil movies:

Telugu movies:

Malayalam movies:

Marathi movies:

email img 1

Simple difference between “To”, “Cc” and “Bcc” fields

You should always make sure that you e-mail the right people, in a right way and manner. The “To”, “Cc” and “Bcc” are the fields that you see every time whenever you go to your e-mail account ‘compose’/’create new’/’new’ section. These are not new for anyone, in fact, not even. These fields allows you to indicate how your e-mail message would be read by the people/receiver who is going to receive it. People who rarely (…yeah, not usually) send e-mail(s) face a quite mash-up with these doubtfully—and by some time, they soon come to realize that they were wrong somewhere. This thing does not happens to all, but sometimes creates problems when an individual is unknown of depth.

So, here I am going to explain these, basically, so as to remember quite easily.

“To” field

The “To” field is for people that the message directly affects, and that you require action from. If you expecting someone to do something, they should be in the “To” field.

It’s also a good idea to include all the people you put in the “To” field in your opener line. This lets the others know who is involved in the conversation.

You can directly go through with them, like—Hi Bill, Ted, Mary, Suzy, etc.

If you are sending to more than four people, don’t bother with this and just start with ‘Hi all’ or ‘Hello team’.

The “To” field can be used for as many addresses as you like—some people mistakenly think the “Cc” line is for multiple addresses.

“Cc” field

The “Cc” i.e. “Carbon copy” field is for people you want to know about the message, but are not directly involved. It’s mainly for people that do not need to act or reply to the message, but to keep them informed.

For those of you born after the 1980’s, the term “Carbon Copy” comes from when typewriters were used to write letters. You would put two pieces of paper in a typewriter at the same time, with a piece of carbon paper in between. The letters would press through the carbon paper, leaving an extra copy of the text on the sheet at the back.

The “Cc” field can be used for a number of reasons.

  • It keeps other people ‘in the loop’ on certain issues (often used to keep managers up to date on issues).
  • It lets people know if they are expected to take action, or if they are just being informed.
  • It allows you to make the receiver aware that other people know what is going on (in case you want them to take the content more seriously, or treat it as more important or urgent).

“Bcc” field

Finally, the “Bcc” i.e. “Blind carbon copy” field is used when you want other people to receive the message, but you don’t want the other recipients to know they got it.

When people get an e-mail, they’ll also see all the people in the “To” and “Cc” lines, but not in “Bcc” field.

One good use of “Bcc” is when sending an e-mail to hundreds of people. You don’t want them all to see each others’ e-mail addresses so you use this field, rather than the “To” or “Cc” lines.

NOTE, just for remembrance:

“To” — People required to take action.

“Cc” — Kept informed of the content, but no actions required from them.

“Bcc” — Receive the message without any of the other recipients knowing. Also used for larger mailings (over 50).

header uddeshyakumar.wordpress

How to reset, backup and restore your Android smartphone? A basic troubleshooting e-guide.

Android, a mobile operating system based on the Linux kernel, i.e. currently developed by Google Inc. It is free and open-source software. In fact it is most popular operating system, worldwide, when it comes to general purpose personal computers—common categories includes smartphones and tablet computers. It is primarily design for touchscreen mobile devices but also has been used in gaming consoles, digital cameras, and electronic devices. Plus, despite from that it also have interfaces for cars, wrist watches and televisions. From the beginning in September, 2008, Android is releasing in different versions with their unique names, attracted people around the globe a lot.

Xperia-Z1-Android-5.0-Lollipop screenshot file

Android 5.0 Lollipop screenshots

Currently (at the time of writing this), Android owns the 81.2% of mobile operating system market, worldwide. As of 2011, it was the largest installed OS in mobile devices and as well as of 2013; leading from Windows, iOS and Mac OS combined. Yeah, sounds amazing! You can measure its popularity from this.

Generally, the operating system uses touch inputs that loosely correspond to real-world actions, like swiping, tapping, pinching, and reverse pinching to manipulate on-screen objects, and a smart virtual keyboard. Android is popular with technology companies which require a ready-made, low-cost and customizable operating system for high-tech devices.

Android 1

However, it’s also a human-made technology and like other operating systems it also slowdowns depending upon its usage and time. Technically, slowdown means the switching time-rate per byte between programs or software on particular OS based device get increased. It depends upon the processor capacity—more byte transferring-rate is, more faster the processor is; its age; memory space—more the RAM, faster the softwares; even the heat produced by electronic components inside device; and much more things. It affects the integration between software and hardware of device. A good build integration between hardware and software creates problems for its owner sometimes. When someone is having the issues with his/her device like slowdown, hanging, heating, auto rebooting, signal disturbance, etc., it means that device is suffering from these kind of conflicts.

So, here I am writing some basic guidance that would help you to solve these issues.

NOTE: It you are unsure about carrying out any of these steps, I suggest you to seek the help of technical support of your device manufacturer.


Sometimes a simple restarting of your Android smartphone can take care of the operating glitch.

hand-htc-aria-touchscreen-android-phone file

In case restarting the phone does not solve your problem, or if the device has become unresponsive, simply remove the back cover and take out the battery. Wait for a few minutes before putting it back and restarting the phone.

If this still does not solve the issue, you can reset your phone to default settings.

To do this, go to Settings > Backup & reset > Factory data reset > Reset phone.

These steps may be different your device interface. Fortunately, after releasing the standard Android One, all Android devices manufacturers uses the same device interface. So you won’t get problem in doing this. Doing a factory reset will delete your data and apps from the phone. So it is always a good idea to have it all backed up before erasing everything.

If your phone has become unresponsive and restarting it or a software reset does not help. You can try a hard reset by simultaneously pressing a combination of buttons on your device.

Volume Up + Power + Home button


Hold the Volume Down + Power button for several seconds.

If you are not sure about the key combination of your device, look it up on the web, or contact to your device manufacturer’s support staff. Once your phone is in recovery mode, you can only use Volume Up and Volume Down to navigate on the screen. Select Factory Reset and click Ok through the Home button (for Samsung devices) or Power button (for any other devices). All the personal data will be lost.


Before proceeding to anyone of the above process like rooting, resetting to factory data, and many others; it is very important for all Android users to backing-up their device. So that way, you can restore it all after troubleshooting device. There are many solutions available to backup, some are free and some paid as well.

There are also many easiest Google-owned ways to backup. Here, I am writing about some freely available one. Usage of them are also very easy and promising; just few tappings, little waiting and you’re done.

Backup to Google cloud:

To backup your app settings, Wi-Fi passwords, contacts, etc. to Google servers, just go to Settings > Backup & reset > Back up my data.


You can restore it easily.

Backup to Google Account:

For this, you need Google Account, just go to Settings > Accounts > Google (can be viewed in above image). There, tap on the account name. Select what you want to sync, and you’re done. Once you have saved your contacts to your Google Account, you access them on Android, Windows Phone, BB10 and iOS based devices.

Plus! if you have installed Google+ app, you can turn on auto upload in it to backup any selected picture from your device in real time.

Backup to third-party apps or softwares:

There is so much quantity of these apps are available on the web market. These are popular, easy to operate, detailed and convenient too. Some of them are:

  • Phone Transfer

You can backup your data to your computer also with the help of apps like Phone Transfer. It provides you the easiest way to backup contacts, text messages, calendar, Call logs, playlists info, apps, photos, music and videos from Android device with very short time.

Step 1: Run the program and select backup mode. Choose Back Up your Phone.

Step 2: Backup Android files to computer. Select the Android data you want to backup by checking the boxes, and then click Start Copy.

Step 3: For restoring data, select Restore from Backups and click Start Copy to get them back.

Here are the links to download Phone Transfer:

For Windows, and for Mac.

  • G Cloud

This is also one of the third-party utility that backups the data from Android phone to web servers. After installing, you can create account and start backing-up. Every user gets 8 GB of free storage. To download or install G Cloud app from Google Play, click here.

  • Helium

It is third-party utility tool. It comes as a phone version and computer version as well. A powerful tool to backup your Android device. The pro version allow you to do auto backup.


Helium Backup-backup-destination-cloud-services

To download or install Helium app from Google Play, click here.

  • Easy Backup

Powerful, dark  and detailed. Easy to back up yourself though using a USB cable and your computer. You can select the check boxes next to the things you can back up: SMS, MMS, call logs, calendar, bookmarks, dictionary and contacts. Make your selections and tap OK.



To download or install Easy Backup app from Google Play, click here.

  • Titanium

This is also one of the popular backup tool. The complete backup can be restored at any time and you can set up scheduled backups so you have a regular snapshot of your Android phone’s contents.

Titanium also lets you transfer files between the SD card and your phone with the utmost of ease.


To download or install Titanium app from Google Play, click here.

Samsung and HTC have programs like Kies and Sync Manager respectively—they will also let you backup phone data to your computer, easily.

To download or install them, here are the links:

For Kies; and for Sync Manager, from Google Play.


Restoring an Android phone or device depends upon where you have backed-up it.

If you had saved your contacts to your Google Account, all you have to do while setting up the device, and select Auto sync.

If you had used some third-party apps and softwares (as mentioned above) to backup your data, you have to use same app to backup it back onto your existing phone/device or new one. These apps or software easily let you backup your data without any conflict.

If you are still facing issues related to software and hardware of your device or smartphone, contact to your device manufacturer’s technical support. I do not recommend hardly to follow these steps. Mind you these are basic solutions, to troubleshoot minor issues of your smartphone on your own rather than to pay extra bills for them.

For further more assistant on Android, go to Android OS Help page.

You can write your issues or problems related to your devices, in the comment box below.

Windows-10 header file

How to upgrade to Windows 10 from your existing Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1? A general guide.

Windows-10 file

As the Microsoft set a new benchmark by releasing its long-awaited Windows 10, ‘the best Windows ever’. It is familiar, bold, innovative, flexible, good for gaming and easy to operate. It includes an improved Start menu experience i.e. much popular when comes to Windows, and is designed to startup and resume fast, by the developers. A new innovative assistant, called Cortana. It is also packed with new innovations including Microsoft Edge—an all-new default browser, replacing its aged elder brother Internet Explorer i.e. semi-active on Windows 8/8.1/10 as a built-in app. Personally, like this web browser so much.

Windows 10 Pro Start menu (

All-new innovative Start menu on Windows 10 Pro

Here I am explaining, how do you get it? What do you required for upgrade?

Microsoft Windows 10 system requirements:

First of all, to start with it, you must check that your system fulfills the new operating system requirements. If you are using Windows 8/8.1 without any encountered trouble, it will be good for new Windows 10.

Basically, the requirements are—

  • Processor: 1 GHz or faster
  • Installed memory (RAM): 1 GB for 32-bit system type or 2 GB for 64-bit system type
  • Free hard disk drive space: 16 GB
  • Graphics card: Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM driver
  • A Microsoft account and Internet access

To check for compatibility and other important installation information, visit your device manufacturer’s website and the Windows 10 Specifications page. To ensure that your system can handle Windows 10, you should check the Windows 10 Upgrade Advisor. It required recommended updates, firstly.

How to reserve your free upgrade?

Firstly, ensure that your system is up-to-date through any required and recommended updates for your existing Windows 7 or Windows 8/8.1, this will give you the icon in the system tray. Still don’t see the icon? Click here.


Get Windows 10 app

  • Once you get that Get Windows 10 app, click ‘Reserve your free upgrade’ in the app window.
  • Enter your e-mail address if you want confirmation of this reservation.
  • That will run a check, download Windows 10 to your device and notify you when it’s ready.
  • Remember, you can cancel your reservation at any time.

If you are attached closely with your current operating system, you can create a recovery disk or drive.

If required, back-up your files:

When you upgrade to Windows 10 from a system running on Windows 7 or Windows 8/8.1, you will be presented with three options—you can keep everything, just your files or nothing and start freshly. If you choose the first option, your files, settings and any installed apps will be kept and you will migrate to Windows 10 with everything intact. The second option retains just your files, but any apps you installed or settings you may have applied will be removed.

Software compatibility:

You may need to reinstall drivers or upgrade existing drivers for compatibility. Windows 10 runs a compatibility scan during the upgrade process, and it will warn you if there are any conflicts.

What Windows 10 version will you get? An appropriate question.

You will get the equivalent version to what you are upgrading from. So if you are upgrading from Windows 7 Home, you will get Windows 10 home and so on. And obviously, of same architecture. Volume license holders can get Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Education started on August 1, 2015.


How to upgrade if you are Windows 7 or Windows 8/8.1 user?

Just the reservation required! Customers, around the world, who have reserved their upgrade to Windows 10 will be notified (if not notified still) in waves. If you haven’t yet reserved your upgrade, follow the reservation process, firstly. You need the KB3035583 update for that specifically—that will allow your system to show that notification on your Taskbar to reserve your free copy of Windows 10 (as mentioned above), then you can click the hamburger menu on the top left, navigate to ‘Check Your PC’ and run the ‘Advisor’ to ensure that your hardware and software will work with the latest version of Windows. Microsoft will run a check, and you’ll get feedback on whether your installed software or hardware is compatible with Windows 10 or not. When it’s available, you’ll be notified and you can start the download. Your existing Windows license will transfer to a Windows 10 one.

What if you are keen on Windows XP or Windows Vista?

You will need to do a clean installation. One way to do this is to download the Windows 10 ISO, i.e. a installation file, to create your own installation bootable USB drive. This is a relatively simple process. One important thing is here with it, as you will not be upgrading from an existing Windows 7 or 8/8.1, you won’t get a free upgrade and you will need to buy a new license.

Similarly, if you want just a clean installation of Windows 10 on existing Windows 7 or Windows 8/8.1, then download a Windows 10’s ISO file from here or any other available source. Mind you that ISO file must be of same Windows version and architecture that you are using currently. You must run that ISO file on your existing Windows 7 or 8/8.1 system, to avail the free upgrade. Your Product ID will remain same but you will need to activate new one with accessing Internet. This is called an ‘in-place’ upgrade.

Or, just start with paid new one, clean installation:

You can also buy the Windows 10 software from Amazon starting at £99. amazon redirect

Microsoft Windows 10 Home on

Apart from this, if you are an IT professional and want different aspects all about Microsoft, you can download free e-books that publishes by Microsoft Press, go to Free ebooks from Microsoft Press page.

For further more information, go to Windows 10 FAQ & Tips page.

Enjoy your computing.

And, be secured about your Windows!

NOTE: As per stated by Microsoft, the availability of Windows 10 upgrade for Windows Phone 8.1 devices may vary by OEM, mobile operator or carrier.

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The importance of newspaper(s) in this advanced life

newspaper stack

As the modernization in this world is in progress, a new era has began, minds that were busy enough—are now full of more complexities, … we, today, still extremely depends upon our centuries-ago-discovered means of information transformation alongside dozens of newly built discoveries by mankind in last one–three decades. These are priceless when it comes to their valuablities, outreaching to those minds on planet who depends mostly on these sources today also.

Here, I am expressing about newspaper(s). In this advanced life—gadgets, tech devices, fast servers, … , that are transforming our lifes to new upcoming dreamed generation; a single newspaper have its own importance, placed itself very sticky now-a-day. Having been fulfilled with everything we need to get updated with the world, we can not ignore newspapers, their value, the way of information transition, outsourcing the outcomes all around the world, the competition with this world, their own transformation to be alive for last centuries. Everyone can afford it, around the world.

Not required to write, as we very well known, a newspaper has been defined as any printed material made up of paper that contains news, informations, journals, politics, sports, technologies, worldwide trends, socially acquired views, business trades, regular broadcasts, aspired mind reviews, and yes off-course lots of advertisements, for the public. Every newspaper firm tries to establish its identity in people and to win the loyalty of its regular and spontaneously readers through the presentation of its material in the shape of stories, cartoons, pictures and words. Almost every newspaper lives on criticism and exposure of those who abuse their authorities and resort to corruption in various ways.

newspaper stake

It is through the newspaper, the policies and actions of the government are conveyed to the people and in return people give their opinions and criticize according to them. As they are not bounded by any kind or by any mean, excepting the law—they represents themselves independently; presents perfect, straight-forward views. That’s the democratic evaluation, that’s the power.

These bundles of some papers play a positive and constructive role in societies at very local-to-local levels. Certain newspaper indulge in sub-standard journalism and exploits vunerable people. Instead of harmony and concord, they create disharmony and discord. Ha-ha-ha-:) … . The newspaper have a noble mission of enlighting people and their minds, their thoughts. In reality, the newspaper is the ‘watchdog of human rights’ whom we call the fourth estate in the age of democracy. It is the pioneer of the underdog and the downtrodden.

It is one of the strongest pillars of a free nation. It builds its equalities, and could break its inevatibilities. Incidentally, the old point, as old as newspaper, if we analyze the word ‘news’, we get ‘north, east, west and south’. It is the way that newspaper covers all the important aspects all over the world. And, it will be…